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5 Obesity Nursing Care Plans

5 Obesity Nursing Care Plans

Obesity refers to too much fat in your body, which can pose a severe health risk. Body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 is considered obese. Nearly all nations on earth are grappling with obesity. Also, one must check the nursing degree in Illinois (United States) at community college for evidence-based practice or to learn the best outcomes in a nursing career.

Obesity is caused by two factors: an increase in the consumption of high-fat that causes weight gain and sugary foods and a decline in physical activity. Obesity will likely increase as people continue to work sedentary, rely heavily on transportation, and purchase processed food and products in a variety of healthcare settings.

Priorities in Nursing Problems

Priorities for vocational nursing care for individual patients who are obese-

  • Supporting lifestyle changes.
  • Treating dietary deficiencies.
  • Promote adherence to the therapeutic regimen.
  • Obesity complications: How to prevent them?

Nursing Goals

The following are examples of goals and outcomes that may be expected:

  • The client will have a realistic and positive self-image. They will actively seek weight loss and assume individual accountability for their welfare.
  • The client will develop better eating practices and routine physical activity, achieve weight loss, and maintain it while prioritizing overall health.

Nursing Interventions & Actions

Obesity nursing interventions for obese patients want to assess vital signs, monitor, and educate them on healthy eating habits and physical activity, create individualized menus, encourage regular physical activity at a good level, support behavioral modification, provide ongoing support, and follow up in clinical settings in long-term care facilities. They also set realistic goals and offer support. It is essential to help patients with the clinical skills of a professional nurse to achieve sustainable weight loss, improve their overall health, and reduce the risk of problems caused by obesity and chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, and heart disease in health care facilities. The following are examples of therapeutic interventions and nursing action for patients with obesity:

1. It is Essential to Adhere to Diet Limitations to Achieve Optimum Dietary Equilibrium

It is becoming more common to recognize obesity as a factor in nutrient deficiencies. This may be surprising, given that obese individuals consume excessive calories. Many of these calories come from innutritious sources. According to surveys in the US and Canada, many people do not consume the recommended micronutrients. The availability of cheap foods high in calories but low in nutrients contributes to the rise of obesity. (Astrup & Bugel, 2019).

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2. Improving One’s Sense of Self-worth and Physical Appearance

Body perception unhappiness in morbidly obese people is more significant and one of the reasons for undergoing surgery. The pre-operative dissatisfaction with appearance is connected to sadness, anxiety, and low self-esteem. There is also evidence that emotional eating can harm distress in the mind.

3.Start Preventive Measures for Pressure Ulcers

In obese patients, regularly inspect the ordinary and unusual areas of skin breakdown, such as under the breasts and lower abdomen. Also, healthcare professionals/practical nurses check the gluteal folds and the area at the nape. Nursing students can also be admitted in prerequisite courses of night and weekend nursing programs (LPN programs) for clinical practice & to understand the concepts quickly.

Adipose tissue increases can reduce the blood supply, oxygen, and nutrients to peripheral tissues. Skin folds associated with increased skin friction and moisture may also be found in uncommon areas. These are pressure ulcer risk factors.

4. Encouraging Efficient Living

In Western societies today, the idealized physique is slim. Being overweight is also often associated with weight-related stigmatization, social exclusion, and other harmful effects. In working environments, such as the labor market and private spaces, in the form of teasing within important interpersonal relations, people who are overweight are at a disadvantage. Social relations reflect the human body’s shapes, sizes, and variations.

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5. Managing and Losing Weight With Effective Exercise Programs and Lifestyle Changes

Sedentary behavior is any activity involving a low energy expenditure, such as leaning or sitting with a metabolic equivalent task of less than 1.5 MET. Sedentary behavior is associated with metabolic risk scores and waist circumference, independent of moderate to vigorous physical activity. Increased activity can treat obesity in clients who tend to move less.